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Who is Jawaharlal Nehru? | Education Wife Mother Father | NEXT DIMENTION

Who is Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru? How great he was?
Jawaharlal awaharlal Nehru was the first Primer minister of India. He was born in Allahabad, United provinces, British Raj. Present day on Uttar Pradesh on 14 November 1889. His father name was Motilal Nehru and mother’s name was Swarup Rani Thussa. His father was a politician and Indian lawyer. His mother was Motilal's second wife. He was the first of the three children of her parents. Nehru received most of his primary education at home with the help of several tutors and governess. At the age of 16 Nehru was enrolled at the Harrow school in England. Then he got admission at Trinity College, Cambridge. After attaining his graduate degree, Nehru enrolled himself at the inns of court school of law in 1910 and studied law. In two years he passed his bar examination and offered to be admitted to the English bar.
Nehru returned to his homeland in 1912 and started practicing law as a barrister at the Allahabad High court. He married Kamala Kaul in February 8 1916 at the age of 26. His only daughter, Indira Priyadarshini Nehru went on to become the first woman prime minister of the country.
In 1916, Nehru first met Mahatma Gandhi, a relationship that turned to be one of a lifetime for the two. With Gandhi as his mentor, Nehru rose to prominence in the National Congress so much that he was elected to the post of the general secretary of the  Congress. Nehru not only contributed greatly to the National Congress movement in India but also gave the freedom struggle an international outlook in 1927.

Following the rejection of Gandhi’s plea and Nehru’s presidency over the Lahore session in Congress in 1928, Nehru demanded complete independence. This resolution made him one of the most significant leaders, of the independence movement. He along with Gandhi, manifested limited civil disobedience and was jailed for the same. In 1947, as India rejoiced the withdrawal of British from the  Indian soil, it suffered the pain of partition, as the British had decided to partition the country into two India and Pakistan. Pakistan was formed on August 14, 1947, and Nehru become the first prime minister of independent India from August 15, 1947, until May 27,1964. Nehru during his term as the prime minister, brought forward radical changes in domestic, agriculture and social policies.
For the same, he established numerous institutions higher learning to educate young India. He included free and compulsory primary education to all children in his five year plan.  Throughout Nehru’s reign, Kashmir remained a subject of contention, as both India and Pakistan wanted to include the state in their country.
Pakistan in 1948, even made an attempt at seizing Kashmir by force but failed in their attempt. It was during his time that the Portuguese left Goa and the region become a part of India. He was referred to as the Architect of Modern India. Nehru was bestowed with Bharat Ratna award in 1955, India’s highest civilian honour. He died in New Delhi, on 27 May, 1964 at the age of 74.








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