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Who is Nelson Mandela? | A long journey for racism | NEXT DIMENTION

Who is Nelson Mandela? A long journey for racism

Nelson Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 to the royal family of the Thambu tribal , Mvezo  British south Africa. His father’s name was Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa and his mother’s name was  Noqaphi Nosekeni and his original name was Rollo Lola and he got the name Nelson Mandela from a teacher at the age of seven. He was a hard working student and would go on become a law major at the University of fort Hare and University of  Witwatersrand afterward he become a lawyer in Johannesburg during which he introduced himself to anti colonial and  African nationalist movements. 
In 1943 Mandela joined the ANC, African National Congress party and co-founder it’s youth League in 1944. After the establishment of apartheid a system that promoted white supremacy and suppression of black people ANC's members including Mandela made it their life mission to overthrow this injustice. Mandela rose to the rank of President of ANC's Transverse brunch receiving widespread attention for his role in the 1952 defiance campaign and the 1955 congress of the people. Not surprisingly he was increasingly unpopular among the white only authority. In 1956 he was arrested for treason and served five years in prison. 
After discharge along with his fellow ANC members and the South African communist party SACP. Nelson co founded the militant group named MKMVA. The nation and led anti government sabotage campaign. Unfortunately he was re arrested in 1962, this time sentenced to life imprisonment for conspiring against a nation.

Mandela spent the next 27 years in prison, transferred from Robben island to polls moor prison and victor Vorster prison. During 18 years staying in Robbin island he and his comrades were physically and verbally abused by white guards. Mandela’s eyesight was permanently damaged due to having work at a lime mines without glasses.  Nonetheless his influence as a human rights activist group, despite all the terrible conditions he had to endure in Robben island. Nelson rose to become a prominent figure among ANC prisoners on the island and expand his sphere of influence beyond that. Joining a group representing all Robbin island political prisoners called Ulundi through which he build connection with other two activist groups. The pan African congress and the Yun Chan club. Later he initiated a movement called the university of Robben island, enabling prisoners to share the expert skills and knowledge with Nelson himself debated socio political topics with his comrades. The white guards that mistreated him, he sought to understand them and convert them to his cause. In 1982 je and some other ANC figures would be transferred to the second confinement polls moor prison. The reason for this transfer was suspected to be the Nelson’s rising prominence in Robben island. Ironically his significance as a freedom fighter didn’t demolish  because of that. But grew more powerful. During his stay there conditions at polls moor were better than at Robben island and Nelson got on well with the site’s commanding officer. Utilising his freedom of reading and correspondence he read and wrote tirelessly reaching out to not only the black community but also people of other races. In the 1980’s South Africa plunged into chaos due to socio economic breakdown violence breakdown across the country and many international banks withdrew investment from South Africa, pressured by British prime minister Margaret Thatcher and bankers. President Booed who release reluctantly offered to release Nelson Mandela from prison. If he rejected violence as a political weapon, showing no compromise he declined stating that the ANC would renounce violence if the government did the same. This resulted in him being given solitary confinement which worsened his tuberculosis condition. In 1988 he was transferred to Victor Verster Prision and was there that things changed for the better. He was housed in the relative comfort of a warders house house with personal cook and used the time to complete his bachelor of Law degree.
While there he was permitted many visitors and organized secret communication with exiled ANC leader Oliver Tamb. The new president of South Africa Fw de klerk met him to discuss abolishing apartheid and had him released in 1990.
In 1991 Nelson become president of the ANC and collaborated with president Fw de klerk to end apartheid peacefully promising rights for everyone. Their fight for the peace of South Africa earned the pair the Nobel peace prize in 1993. His tireless fighting for what’s right eventually paid off in the 1994 general election which granted the right to vote to all races in South Africa. The ANC won and Nelson Mandela become the first black president of South country. Now with a new role Nelson Mandela continued his fight for black people’s rights by issuing policies to improve the living standers and facilities of black south Africa, seeking to relieve them from the pain of decades  under oppression.
He extended his humanitarian policies to making South Africa a country of equality regardless of race and colour. In 1999 Nelson Mandela withdrew form politics but while he lived a quiet life in his final years. He continued to be a icon of peace and equality worldwide. In the same year that he retired Nelson founded the Nelson Mandela foundation an organisation that is dedicated to upholding principles of equality freedom and peace. In South Africa he is often referred to by his Xhosa clan name Madiba and described as the father of nation. His pass away in 2013 sat in the world and left many in tears but his status as a symbol of equality peace humanitarianism will stay forever.








Image Credit:https://pixabay.com/illustrations/non-violence-peace-transformation-1160133/

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